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HIV

AIDS Research Center on Mental Health and HIV/AIDS (P30 Clinical Trial Optional)

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Division of AIDS Research (DAR) encourages applications for Center Core grants (P30) to support an HIV/AIDS Research Center (ARC). The ARC is intended to provide infrastructural support that facilitates the development of high impact science in HIV/AIDS and mental health that is relevant to the NIMH mission.

Gastrointestinal Mechanisms Contributing to HIV Pathogenesis (R01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)

This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) seeks to bring together investigators with complementary expertise in HIV and in gastrointestinal mucosal pathobiology to dissect fundamental processes within the gastrointestinal tract that impact HIV infection, persistence, and comorbidities. This multidisciplinary approach should lead to comprehensive, in-depth mechanistic analyses and advance progress toward alleviating comorbidities that afflict people living with HIV and toward developing a cure.

Public Health Surveillance of Recent HIV Infection and Response under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)

The purpose of this NOFO is to provide funding and technical assistance for PEPFAR countries to establish HIV recent infection surveillance to detect recent infections, monitor trends in the HIV epidemic, identify hot spots associated with recent HIV transmission, and inform programmatic interventions to reach epidemic control. Point-of-care tests for recent infection distinguish between recent (HIV seroconversion in the last 6 months, on average) and non-recent HIV infection and provide results within minutes.

HIV Among People Aged 50 and Over

People aged 50 and older have the same HIV risk factors as younger people, but may be less aware of their HIV risk factors. At the end of 2014, an estimated 428,724 people aged 50 and over were living with diagnosed HIV in the United States.

HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos

HIV continues to be a serious threat to the health of the Hispanic/Latino community. In 2015, Hispanics/Latinos accounted for about one quarter of all new diagnoses of HIV in the United States, despite representing about 18% of the total US population.

HIV Among Gay and Bisexual Men

In 2014, gay and bisexual men made up an estimated 2% of the U.S. population, but accounted for 70% of new HIV infections. Approximately 492,000 sexually active gay and bisexual men are at high risk for HIV.

HIV in the United States by Geographic Distribution

In the United States, HIV diagnoses are not evenly distributed across states and regions. Southern states accounted for half of new HIV diagnoses in 2015, while making up 38% of the national population. In all regions of the United States, the majority of people who receive an HIV diagnosis live in urban areas. But in the South, 23% of new HIV diagnoses are in suburban and rural areas, and in the Midwest 20% are suburban or rural—higher proportions than in the North and West.

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