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Adolescents

Adolescent Family Life (AFL) Demonstration Prevention Project Grants

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The Office of Adolescent Pregnancy Programs (OAPP) requests applications for grants under the Adolescent Family Life (AFL) Demonstration Prevention Projects Program. These grants are for community-based and community-supported demonstration projects to: 1) find effective means of preventing pregnancy by encouraging adolescents to abstain from sexual activity through provision of age-appropriate education on sexuality and decision-making skills; and 2) establish comprehensive and integrated approaches to the delivery of services to pregnant adolescents, adolescent parents and their children.

1993 Revised Classification System for HIV Infection and Expanded Surveillance Case Definition for AIDS Among Adolescents and Adults

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This report contains CDC's revised classification system for HIV infection and AIDS among adolescents and adults. The definition replaces the system published by CDC in 1986 and contains the expanded AIDS surveillance case definition. Appendixes include equivalences for CD4+ T-lymphocyte count and percentage of total lymphocytes, conditions included in the 1993 AIDS surveillance case definition, definitive diagnostic methods for diseases indicative of AIDS, and suggested guidelines for presumptive diagnosis of diseases indicative of AIDS.

Teen Risk-Taking: Promising Prevention Programs and Approaches

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This monograph is a guide to effective problem behavior prevention programs for at-risk youth. The monograph discusses the level and characteristics of adolescent risk-taking today, common elements of successful prevention programs along with an explanation of criteria used to evaluate programs, the challenges facing practitioners trying to replicate promising programs and suggestions for meeting those challenges, and a prevention readiness questionnaire. The monograph presents profiles of 51 prevention programs whose behavioral evaluations demonstrate their effectiveness.

Abstinence Education and HIV/AIDS

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This fact sheet provides organizations, government agencies, and educators with information about abstinence education and HIV/AIDS. The fact sheet reviews the content of abstinence-only sex education programs as well as the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among adolescents in the United States. It compares abstinence-only educational programs to comprehensive sexuality/abstinence-plus sex education. It examines the concerns held by some parents and educators about comprehensive sex education and cites studies showing that most parents favor abstinence-plus education.

Media Coverage of Women and HIV/AIDS

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This report examines the HIV epidemic’s impact on women and girls from the perspective of women journalists. In July 2000, the Population Reference Bureau assembled senior journalists from ten countries for a seminar to discuss women and HIV/AIDS. The journalists subsequently produced special supplements in their newspapers and magazines as well as radio programs that highlighted local and international aspects of the epidemic. Excerpts from these supplements and programs are contained in this report.

Preventing Teenage Pregnancy, Childbearing, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: What the Research Shows

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This report discusses results of studies on adolescent reproductive health and presents a table of specific programs and approaches that have been successful in improving positive reproductive health behaviors. The report examines the factors that lead to positive reproductive health behaviors including the adolescent’s gender, age, race and ethnicity, attitudes, involvement in activities and academic performance, family, the role of peers, the adolescent’s partners, the school, and neighborhood and community contexts.

Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis

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This report discusses the epidemiology of HIV among adolescents, factors that place them at risk for HIV transmission, why young people are key to defeating the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, and intervention strategies for promoting HIV prevention among individuals of this age group.

Systematic Review of HIV Behavioral Prevention Research Among Heterosexual African Americans

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This report presents a literature review of 46 prevention intervention studies conducted in the US to reduce the risk of HIV in heterosexual African Americans and to determine the effectiveness of these interventions for future implementation. The report addresses four high-risk heterosexual groups: adults, youth/adolescents, and injection drug users. The report gives details of the background of the review, objectives and methodology, search strategy and results, description of the studies, conclusions and recommendations, and gaps in research.

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