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Adolescents

HIV Voluntary Counselling and Testing: A Gateway to Prevention

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This monograph presents five case studies of programs in South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe that used voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to control the spread of HIV. The monograph describes how the programs used VCT to help prevent perinatal HIV transmission, TB, and HIV transmission among adolescents and general populations. It also discusses general VCT approaches and issues related to program development, administration, and evaluation.

Adolescent Tuberculosis: Tools for Prevention: Guidelines for Implementing the Peer Counseling Component and the Contingency Contract Component: Part B

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This pamphlet presents guidelines for a peer counseling intervention and a contingency contract intervention to achieve treatment adherence of adolescents undergoing preventive TB treatment. The pamphlet discusses the advantages of peer counseling and describes the peer counselor component, recruitment, criteria and training for counselors, patient orientation to peer counseling, and possible challenges that may arise during the intervention.

Adolescent Tuberculosis: Tools for Prevention: Tuberculosis Control in an Adolescent Population: Part A

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This pamphlet discusses a study, conducted at two health centers, to examine the effects of Educational Peer Counseling and Parent-Participant Contingency Contracting on treatment adherence of adolescents undergoing preventive TB treatment. Adolescents were randomly divided into a peer counseling group, contingency contract group, a group that combined both peer counseling and contingency contracting, and a fourth group that received the usual clinic care. A slightly higher number of participants in the combined interventions group completed treatment.

What Parliamentarians Can Do About HIV/AIDS: Action for Children and Young People

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This monograph explains how elected officials can fight HIV. The monograph describes HIV and how it affects the body, summarizes the extent of the epidemic, and strategies on how to prevent it. It discusses how local as well as national parliamentarians can fight HIV and presents a 10-point checklist of suggested actions. The monograph emphasizes that young people are especially vulnerable HIV/AIDS and suggests that elected officials pass legislation to ensure that young people receive essential support, care, treatment, and protection, particularly women and girls.

Guidelines for the Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections

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This monograph discusses treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) using recommendations from a meeting of experts convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) in November 2001. The monograph presents the rationale for standard treatment and discusses case management, syndrome management, risk factors for STI-related cervicitis, and drugs used for treating different STIs. It provides information on the treatment of STI-associated syndromes and of specific infections, and explains the considerations behind treatments.

Extending Essential Care: Integrated Management of Adolescent & Adult Illness

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This pamphlet advocates integrated management of adolescent/adult illness (IMAI) as the most effective treatment methodology. It presents the rationale for this argument and lists benefits of integrated management, including addresses major adolescent and adult health problems, responds to demand, links HIV care and prevention, improves care for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative adults and adolescents, balances prevention and care, balances attention to acute and chronic care, and addresses special needs of adolescents.

Reaching the MTV Generation: Recent Research on the Impact of the Kaiser Family Foundation/MTV Public Education Campaign on Sexual Health

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This report presents the results of the Kaiser Family Foundation/MTV Public Education Campaign on Family Health. The report is based on two surveys: a random-digit-dial telephone survey of 1,100 people aged 16 to 24 years and a call-back survey of 500 MTV viewers who had called the toll-free telephone number either to request a copy of the printed information guide, or to be connected to the CDC national hot line or their local Planned Parenthood clinic.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2006

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This serial presents updated clinical guidelines for treating STDs. These recommendations were developed by CDC in consultation with public and private sector professionals knowledgeable about the treatment of persons with STDs.

MMWR: STD-Prevention Counseling Practices and Human Papillomavirus Opinions Among Clinicians with Adolescent Patients–United States, 2004

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This report discusses CDC research on evaluating the STD risk assessment, counseling, and education practices of US health care providers during routine adolescent check-ups, and provider opinions regarding methods to prevent HPV. CDC mailed surveys to 5,386 clinicians in seven specialties that commonly provide STD diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Data were collected on clinician demographic, practice, and patient characteristics; STD risk assessment, counseling and education practices; and opinions regarding HPV infection prevention methods.

MMWR: Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings

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This report presents recommendations for HIV testing by all health-care providers in the public and private sectors and addresses HIV testing in health-care settings only. The recommendations aim to increase HIV screening of patients, including pregnant women, in health-care settings; foster earlier detection of HIV infection; identify and counsel persons with unrecognized HIV infection and refer them to clinical and prevention services; and further reduce perinatal transmission of HIV in the US.

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