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Adolescents

HIV Surveillance - Persons Who Inject Drugs (through 2013)

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This slide set provides information on the epidemiology of HIV infection among adults and adolescents who are injecting drug users (IDUs) in the United States and 6 dependent areas through 2013. Different surveillance breakdowns include: by transmission category; by race/ethnicity; by age of diagnosis; death rates; and by Stage 3 AIDS. This slide set is also available in PowerPoint at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/ppt/statistics_surveillance_HIV_injection_drug_users.pptx.

HPV Also Known as Human Papillomavirus

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This information sheet for parents discusses the need for the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to protect their children from HPV infection. It explains that the virus causes HPV-related cancers in about 17,500 women and 9,300 men annually in the U.S. The information sheet notes that the virus is transmitted during sexual contact and reminds parents that the vaccine is recommended for preteen girls and boys ages 11 or 12 and can be given to older youth who have not been vaccinated.

VPH Tambien Conocido Como Virus del Papiloma Humano

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This information sheet for parents discusses the need for the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to protect their children from HPV infection. It explains that HPV can cause anal and oropharyngeal cancers in both women and men; cancers of the cervix, vulva, and vagina in women; and cancer of the penis in men. The information sheet notes that the virus is transmitted during sexual contact and reminds parents that the vaccine is recommended for preteen girls and boys ages 11 or 12 and can be given to older youth who have not been vaccinated.

1993 Revised Classification System for HIV Infection and Expanded Surveillance Case Definition for AIDS Among Adolescents and Adults

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This report contains CDC's revised classification system for HIV infection and AIDS among adolescents and adults. The definition replaces the system published by CDC in 1986 and contains the expanded AIDS surveillance case definition. Appendixes include equivalences for CD4+ T-lymphocyte count and percentage of total lymphocytes, conditions included in the 1993 AIDS surveillance case definition, definitive diagnostic methods for diseases indicative of AIDS, and suggested guidelines for presumptive diagnosis of diseases indicative of AIDS.

Teen Risk-Taking: Promising Prevention Programs and Approaches

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This monograph is a guide to effective problem behavior prevention programs for at-risk youth. The monograph discusses the level and characteristics of adolescent risk-taking today, common elements of successful prevention programs along with an explanation of criteria used to evaluate programs, the challenges facing practitioners trying to replicate promising programs and suggestions for meeting those challenges, and a prevention readiness questionnaire. The monograph presents profiles of 51 prevention programs whose behavioral evaluations demonstrate their effectiveness.

Abstinence Education and HIV/AIDS

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This fact sheet provides organizations, government agencies, and educators with information about abstinence education and HIV/AIDS. The fact sheet reviews the content of abstinence-only sex education programs as well as the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among adolescents in the United States. It compares abstinence-only educational programs to comprehensive sexuality/abstinence-plus sex education. It examines the concerns held by some parents and educators about comprehensive sex education and cites studies showing that most parents favor abstinence-plus education.

Media Coverage of Women and HIV/AIDS

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This report examines the HIV epidemic’s impact on women and girls from the perspective of women journalists. In July 2000, the Population Reference Bureau assembled senior journalists from ten countries for a seminar to discuss women and HIV/AIDS. The journalists subsequently produced special supplements in their newspapers and magazines as well as radio programs that highlighted local and international aspects of the epidemic. Excerpts from these supplements and programs are contained in this report.

Preventing Teenage Pregnancy, Childbearing, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: What the Research Shows

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This report discusses results of studies on adolescent reproductive health and presents a table of specific programs and approaches that have been successful in improving positive reproductive health behaviors. The report examines the factors that lead to positive reproductive health behaviors including the adolescent’s gender, age, race and ethnicity, attitudes, involvement in activities and academic performance, family, the role of peers, the adolescent’s partners, the school, and neighborhood and community contexts.

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