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Adolescents

Adolescent Sexual Health in Europe and the US - Why the Difference?

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This information sheet compares the sexual health and behaviors of adolescents in Europe to those of adolescents in the United States. It provides epidemiological data comparing European and American adolescents regarding pregnancy, birth and abortion rates, STD rates, contraceptive use, and sexual behaviors. It makes recommendations for the improvement of adolescent sexual health in the U.S., based on the results of the survey findings.

Sexual and Reproductive Health of Persons Aged 10-24 Years - United States, 2002-2007

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This report presents data for 2002-2007 on sexual and reproductive health of persons aged 10-24 years in the United States. Data were compiled from the National Vital Statistics System and multiple surveys and surveillance systems that monitor sexual and reproductive health outcomes. The report addresses three primary topics: (1) current levels of risk behavior and health outcomes; (2) disparities by sex, age, race/ethnicity, and geographic residence; and (3) trends over time.

CDC Report Finds Adolescent Girls Continue to Bear a Major Burden of Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Disproportionate Impact on Racial Minorities Persists

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This press release is a media announcement from CDC describing the latest findings that more than 1.5 million cases of chlamydia and gonorrhea were reported in 2008. The report – Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2008, which tracks reported cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis in the United States – also showed that African-Americans continue to be more disproportionately affected by STDs than any other racial or ethnic group.

Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents: Recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

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This MMWR issue updates and combines earlier guidelines (published 2002 and 2004) for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs) in adults and adolescents infected with HIV. The guidelines were developed by a panel of specialists from the United States government and academic institutions and are intended for use by clinicians and other health care providers, HIV-infected patients, and policy makers in the United States. They address OIs that occur in the United States and five OIs that might be acquired during international travel.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010

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This serial updates the 2006 clinical guidelines for treating sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These recommendations were developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in consultation with professionals knowledgeable about the treatment of STDs.

MMWR: Hepatitis C Virus Infection Among Adolescents and Young Adults – Massachusetts, 2002-2009

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This MMWR report describes results of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health surveillance initiative to collect detailed information on hepatitis C virus (HCV) cases reported during 2007-2009 among 15-24-year olds, and to examine the data for trends through 2009. The results reveal the continued increase in rates of newly reported HCV infection among this age group. Cases were reported from all areas of the state, occurred predominantly among non-Hispanic white persons, and were equally distributed among male and females.

MMWR: Previous HIV Testing Among Adults and Adolescents Newly Diagnosed With HIV Infection - National HIV Surveillance System, 18 Jurisdictions, United States, 2006-2009

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This report describes the results of the analysis of previous HIV testing patterns among adults and adolescents newly diagnosed with HIV infection, using 2006-2008 data from 18 jurisdictions that participate in HIV incidence surveillance as part of CDC’s National HIV Surveillance System. Findings indicate that among adults and adolescents for whom testing history was available, 41 percent were diagnosed with HIV at the first test and 59 percent had a negative test some time before HIV diagnosis.

MMWR: Vital Signs: HIV Infection, Testing, and Risk Behaviors Among Youths - United States

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In this report, the CDC used the National HIV Surveillance System data to estimate among youths, prevalence rates of diagnosed HIV infection in 2009 and the number of new infections in 2010. CDC used the 2009 and 2010 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System for 9th -12th grade students and the 2010 National Health Interview Survey for persons 18-24 years. Prevalence of diagnosed HIV was 69.5 per 100,000 youths at the end of 2009. Youth accounted for 12,200 (25.7 percent) new HIV infections in 2010.

HIV and Young Men Who Have Sex With Men

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Young people in the United States remain at risk for HIV infection. An estimated 56,300 Americans are infected with HIV each year. Of these, 34%, or approximately 19,000, are adolescents or young adults aged 13–29 years. Young men who have sex with men (YMSM), especially black YMSM, are at highest risk. This information sheet highlights the ongoing risk for HIV infection among YMSM and underscores the need to reach each new generation with effective HIV prevention messages and services. Schools and education agencies are important partners in this effort.

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