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Adolescents

Media Coverage of Women and HIV/AIDS

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This report examines the HIV epidemic’s impact on women and girls from the perspective of women journalists. In July 2000, the Population Reference Bureau assembled senior journalists from ten countries for a seminar to discuss women and HIV/AIDS. The journalists subsequently produced special supplements in their newspapers and magazines as well as radio programs that highlighted local and international aspects of the epidemic. Excerpts from these supplements and programs are contained in this report.

Preventing Teenage Pregnancy, Childbearing, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: What the Research Shows

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This report discusses results of studies on adolescent reproductive health and presents a table of specific programs and approaches that have been successful in improving positive reproductive health behaviors. The report examines the factors that lead to positive reproductive health behaviors including the adolescent’s gender, age, race and ethnicity, attitudes, involvement in activities and academic performance, family, the role of peers, the adolescent’s partners, the school, and neighborhood and community contexts.

Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis

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This report discusses the epidemiology of HIV among adolescents, factors that place them at risk for HIV transmission, why young people are key to defeating the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, and intervention strategies for promoting HIV prevention among individuals of this age group.

Systematic Review of HIV Behavioral Prevention Research Among Heterosexual African Americans

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This report presents a literature review of 46 prevention intervention studies conducted in the US to reduce the risk of HIV in heterosexual African Americans and to determine the effectiveness of these interventions for future implementation. The report addresses four high-risk heterosexual groups: adults, youth/adolescents, and injection drug users. The report gives details of the background of the review, objectives and methodology, search strategy and results, description of the studies, conclusions and recommendations, and gaps in research.

HIV Voluntary Counselling and Testing: A Gateway to Prevention

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This monograph presents five case studies of programs in South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe that used voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to control the spread of HIV. The monograph describes how the programs used VCT to help prevent perinatal HIV transmission, TB, and HIV transmission among adolescents and general populations. It also discusses general VCT approaches and issues related to program development, administration, and evaluation.

Adolescent Tuberculosis: Tools for Prevention: Guidelines for Implementing the Peer Counseling Component and the Contingency Contract Component: Part B

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This pamphlet presents guidelines for a peer counseling intervention and a contingency contract intervention to achieve treatment adherence of adolescents undergoing preventive TB treatment. The pamphlet discusses the advantages of peer counseling and describes the peer counselor component, recruitment, criteria and training for counselors, patient orientation to peer counseling, and possible challenges that may arise during the intervention.

Adolescent Tuberculosis: Tools for Prevention: Tuberculosis Control in an Adolescent Population: Part A

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This pamphlet discusses a study, conducted at two health centers, to examine the effects of Educational Peer Counseling and Parent-Participant Contingency Contracting on treatment adherence of adolescents undergoing preventive TB treatment. Adolescents were randomly divided into a peer counseling group, contingency contract group, a group that combined both peer counseling and contingency contracting, and a fourth group that received the usual clinic care. A slightly higher number of participants in the combined interventions group completed treatment.

What Parliamentarians Can Do About HIV/AIDS: Action for Children and Young People

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This monograph explains how elected officials can fight HIV. The monograph describes HIV and how it affects the body, summarizes the extent of the epidemic, and strategies on how to prevent it. It discusses how local as well as national parliamentarians can fight HIV and presents a 10-point checklist of suggested actions. The monograph emphasizes that young people are especially vulnerable HIV/AIDS and suggests that elected officials pass legislation to ensure that young people receive essential support, care, treatment, and protection, particularly women and girls.

Guidelines for the Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections

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This monograph discusses treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) using recommendations from a meeting of experts convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) in November 2001. The monograph presents the rationale for standard treatment and discusses case management, syndrome management, risk factors for STI-related cervicitis, and drugs used for treating different STIs. It provides information on the treatment of STI-associated syndromes and of specific infections, and explains the considerations behind treatments.

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