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World Health Organization

National Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating Programmes for the Prevention of HIV in Infants and Young Children

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This report presents guidelines for monitoring programs for the prevention of HIV/AIDS in infants and young children. It presents a list of core indicators and additonal indicators for indicating the success of these programs. Countries with prevention programs for infants and young children should have the core indicators in operation. The report gives a definition of each indicator, the rationale for its use, what it measures, measurement tools and how the indicator is measured, and its strengths and limitations.

Guidelines for HIV Surveillance Among Tuberculosis Patients

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This report presents guidelines to provide a framework for methods used in measuring HIV prevalence among patients with TB and to encourage HIV surveillance. The report discusses the objectives of surveillance and explains the three main methods for HIV surveillance among TB patients: the surveillance method (data from the routine testing of TB patients), periodic special surveys (usually conducted among pregnant women), and the sentinel method (TB patients are routinely tested at selected sentinel sites).

Substitution Maintenance Therapy in the Management of Opioid Dependence and HIV/AIDS Prevention

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This report discusses substitution maintenance to manage opioid dependence and prevent HIV among injecting drug users (IDUs). The report explains the epidemiology, nature, and cost to society of opioid dependence as well as a definition and rationale for substitution therapy. The report lists the following drugs used in substitution therapy: methadone, buprenorphine, levo alpha acetyl methadol (LAAM), dihydrocodeine, and diacetylmorphine and explains how they are used.

Adherencia a los Tratamientos a Largo Plazo: Pruebas Para la Accion

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This report provides information on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Adherence to Long-term Therapies Project to improve the rates of adherence to therapies used in treating chronic conditions. The report begins by defining the term adherence and the problem of poor adherence, showing how poor adherence affects policy makers and health managers. It presents guidance for countries for improving adherence rates using information derived from lessons learned from reviews and presents the disease-specific reviews. The report also discusses nine chronic conditions that were reviewed.

[Case Study on Estimating HIV Infection in a Concentrated Epidemic: Lessons From Indonesia]

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This report discusses the process used in Indonesia to develop estimates of the number of people infected with HIV. The report discusses the reasons for making national estimates of HIV, the difficulty of making estimates when the disease is concentrated in specific populations whose behavior puts them at high risk of infection and transmission, and the challenges faced by Indonesia. It explains the process used to develop estimates, the ground rules, setting up the spreadsheets, and lessons learned.

Estudio de Caso Sobre la Estimacion de la Infeccion por el VIH en una Epidemia Concentrada: Ensenanzas de Indonesia

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This report discusses the process used in Indonesia to develop estimates of the number of people infected with HIV. The report discusses the reasons for making national estimates of HIV, the difficulty of making estimates when the disease is concentrated in specific populations whose behavior puts them at high risk of infection and transmission, and the challenges faced by Indonesia. It explains the process used to develop estimates, the ground rules, setting up the spreadsheets, and lessons learned.

Case Study on Estimating HIV Infection in a Concentrated Epidemic: Lessons From Indonesia

NPIN admin's picture
This report discusses the process used in Indonesia to develop estimates of the number of persons with HIV. The report discusses the reasons for making national estimates of HIV, the difficulty of making estimates when the disease is concentrated in specific populations whose behavior puts them at high risk of infection and transmission, and the challenges faced by Indonesia. It explains the process used to develop estimates, the ground rules, setting up the spreadsheets, and lessons learned.

Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants: Guidelines on Care, Treatment and Support for Women Living With HIV/AIDS and Their Children in Resource-Constrained Settings

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This monograph presents guidelines for the use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in pregnant women and for preventing perinatal transmission of HIV to their infants and summarizes programmatic considerations and scientific rationale behind the guidelines. The monograph includes recommendations for ARV treatment for pregnant women and women of childbearing age.

3 by 5 Progress Report

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This report describes the progress toward “3 by 5,” the target that 3 million persons with HIV in developing and transitional countries would be receiving antiretroviral (ARV) therapy by 2005. The report provides measures of progress made by the following countries: Botswana, Cambodia, Cameroon, Haiti, Mozambique, Thailand, and Zambia with support from international partners. It examines how the ARV therapy programs are being structured, the challenges faced by some countries, and how the countries are adapting.

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