Document provides an overview of basic HIV/AIDS facts and statistics in general. Also, describes the problem and what can be done to support HIV testing and prevention initiatives. Infographics provided as well.
People aged 50 and older have the same HIV risk factors as younger people, but may be less aware of their HIV risk factors. At the end of 2014, an estimated 428,724 people aged 50 and over were living with diagnosed HIV in the United States.
HIV continues to be a serious threat to the health of the Hispanic/Latino community. In 2015, Hispanics/Latinos accounted for about one quarter of all new diagnoses of HIV in the United States, despite representing about 18% of the total US population.
In 2014, gay and bisexual men made up an estimated 2% of the U.S. population, but accounted for 70% of new HIV infections. Approximately 492,000 sexually active gay and bisexual men are at high risk for HIV.
In the United States, HIV diagnoses are not evenly distributed across states and regions. Southern states accounted for half of new HIV diagnoses in 2015, while making up 38% of the national population. In all regions of the United States, the majority of people who receive an HIV diagnosis live in urban areas. But in the South, 23% of new HIV diagnoses are in suburban and rural areas, and in the Midwest 20% are suburban or rural—higher proportions than in the North and West.
This Public Health Grand Rounds session discusses how more patients can benefit from advances in diagnostic and treatment options, resulting in an overall reduction in morbidity from MDR TB. The session also explores the role of CDC, WHO, and other partners in combating the public health epidemic.