This report discusses issues concerning the prevention and treatment of STDs. The report examines the significance of STDs in the transmission of HIV/AIDS, and the history of STD control. It explains the primary and secondary prevention practices for STDs. It provides information about access to STD care in the public and private sectors, categorical STD clinics, general health care structures, and referral services. The report discusses different components of effective STD care such as the national guidelines for case management, the training of health care providers, the availability and means for consultation and examination, the consistent availability of appropriate drugs and condom supplies to providers for client use, acceptable STD care, laboratory involvement in STD care and services. It addresses topics in partner notification such as patient and provider referrals. It explains the promotion of appropriate health-care seeking to the general public, targeting services, case-finding to aid in the prevention of the spread of STDs, screening for STDs, and issues concerning these diseases in children and adolescents. It provides information about STD prevention and care program management, and the supervision, monitoring, and evaluation of the program and patients.