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Persons with HIV/AIDS

Case Study on Estimating HIV Infection in a Concentrated Epidemic: Lessons From Indonesia

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This report discusses the process used in Indonesia to develop estimates of the number of persons with HIV. The report discusses the reasons for making national estimates of HIV, the difficulty of making estimates when the disease is concentrated in specific populations whose behavior puts them at high risk of infection and transmission, and the challenges faced by Indonesia. It explains the process used to develop estimates, the ground rules, setting up the spreadsheets, and lessons learned.

3 by 5 Progress Report

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This report describes the progress toward “3 by 5,” the target that 3 million persons with HIV in developing and transitional countries would be receiving antiretroviral (ARV) therapy by 2005. The report provides measures of progress made by the following countries: Botswana, Cambodia, Cameroon, Haiti, Mozambique, Thailand, and Zambia with support from international partners. It examines how the ARV therapy programs are being structured, the challenges faced by some countries, and how the countries are adapting.

HIV Prevention In the Era of Expanded Treatment Access

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This report by the Global HIV Prevention Working Group discusses HIV prevention strategies in the era of increased access to HIV treatment. It argues that success against HIV/AIDS requires both antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prevention. This means that widespread access to HIV prevention and treatment should be the ultimate goal. Prevention should be available to HIV-positive people to avoid exposing others to the virus and prevent acquiring a different strain of the virus as well as prevention for HIV-negative and untested people.

A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating HIV/AIDS Care and Support

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This monograph defines programs for HIV/AIDS care and support and describes what a monitoring and evaluation system for HIV/AIDS should look like as well as presents indicators for monitoring and evaluation of these programs. It lists the components of HIV/AIDS care and support programs, and provides a monitoring and evaluating system called operations research. An example of an operations research study is included. The guide focuses on clinical aspects of care and support.

Adults Only Vaccination: A Step-by-Step Guide

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This monograph presents a comprehensive description of all aspects of a vaccination program from assessing vaccine indications and contraindications to determining billing codes. It's a guide for health care workers who interact with adolescents or adults in a variety of health care settings. The guide provides materials to help initiate adult immunization services in the health-care setting or improve already existing services.

Perspectives and Practice in Antiretroviral Treatment: Approaches to the Management of HIV/AIDS in Cuba: Case Study

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This report is a case study of Cuba’s response to HIV. The report presents the background information on Cuba’s initial response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the establishment of AIDS sanatoria from 1986-1993 for taking care of HIV positive persons, the institution of an ambulatory care system for HIV treatment of people who want to remain at home, and introduction of antiretroviral (ART) treatment in 1996. Cuba began producing its own antiretrovirals in 2001, and 100% ART treatment was achieved in 2003. The report lists the drugs and regimens used in Cuba and the criteria to initiate ART.

Good Oral Health Is Important

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This pamphlet discusses the importance of good oral health care, particularly for HIV infected people. It explains that oral health affects the whole body and may raise the risk of certain diseases. The pamphlet lists common oral health problems with teeth and gums and infections and sores in the mouth, and gives advice on preventing these problems by visiting the dentist every six months and taking proper care of teeth and gums.

TB/HIV: A Clinical Manual

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This manual discusses the diagnosis and treatment of TB and HIV coinfection. It gives background information on TB and HIV, presents a framework for effective TB control, discusses the diagnosis of pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB in adults and children, and of HIV in adults and children with TB.

Strengthening HIV Care: A Manual to Help Small Organizations Make Big Change in Communities of Color

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This monograph gives guidance to help agencies learn to provide care and support services for persons with HIV. It explains the important elements of HIV care such as cultural competency, maintaining confidentiality, client empowerment, and evaluation. The manual provides information about development and change within community- based organizations and the organizational requirements for HIV program development and service delivery.

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