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STD Prevention Resources

Having the latest information and resources to assist your prevention efforts is critical. Despite the fact that a great deal of progress has been made in STD prevention over the past four decades, the United States has the highest rates of STD infection in the industrialized world, making prevention as important as ever. The links below provide tips for reducing STD infection.

The Division of STD Prevention, part of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, coordinates CDC's STD prevention efforts. These efforts include providing national leadership through research, policy development, and support of effective services to prevent sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV infection) and their complications, such as enhanced HIV transmission, infertility, adverse outcomes of pregnancy, and reproductive tract cancer.

CDC's STD Prevention Strategy

The prevention and control of STDs is based on the following five major concepts:

  • Education and counseling of persons at risk on ways to adopt safer sexual behavior
  • Identification of infected persons—with or without symptoms—unlikely to seek diagnostic and treatment services
  • Effective diagnosis and treatment of infected persons
  • Evaluation, treatment, and counseling of sex partners of persons who are infected with an STD
  • Pre-exposure vaccination of persons at risk for vaccine-preventable STDs

Primary prevention of STDs begins with changing the sexual behaviors that place persons at risk for infection. Moreover, because STD control activities reduce the likelihood of transmission to sex partners, treatment of infected persons constitutes primary prevention of spread within the community.

To enact its strategy, CDC is assisting health departments, healthcare providers, and nongovernmental organizations, and collaborating with other governmental entities, through:

  • The development, syntheses, translation, and dissemination of timely, science-based information
  • The development of national goals and science-based policy
  • The development and support of science-based programs that meet the needs of communities

As the lead agency for STD prevention in the United States, CDC will continue to improve both biomedical and behavioral strategies to combat STDs. Clearly, multiple strategies are required to maintain and improve progress in prevention.

Program Management

CDC Resources

Program Management and Evaluation Tools
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

Practical Use of Program Evaluation Among Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Programs
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

Program Collaboration and Service Integration
From CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

Prevention of HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs and TB Through Health Care
From CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

Resources from Partners

A Practical Look at Using Integration to Better Prevent and Treat STDs
From National Network of STD/HIV Prevention Training Centers

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Prevalence Monitoring: Using Local Data to Guide Programmatic Decision-Making
From Cardea

Prevention Programs

CDC Resources

Effective Interventions for STD Prevention
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

STD Program Guidelines—Community and Individual Behavior Change Interventions (PDF)
From CDC's Division of STD Prevention

Partner Services Providers QuickGuide (PDF)

Webcast: Community Engagement to Reduce STD Disparities Among Vulnerable Communities
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

STD Awareness Resource Site
From CDC

Resources from Partners

Prevention Research
From the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Results of Qualitative and Online Message Testing to Support A Sexual Health Campaign
From the National Coalition for Sexual Health

STD Program Adaptation and Partner Engagement Resource Kit
From the National Association of County & City Health Officials

Client Education

CDC Resources

The Facts—Basic information about STDs in plain language.
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

How You Can Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

Videos and Podcasts
From CDC’s Division of STD Prevention

Resources from Partners

Take Charge of Your Sexual Health: What you Need to Know About Preventive Services
From the National Coalition for Sexual Health

Sexual Health Resource Exchange
From the National Chlamydia Coalition

Safe in the City—Video-based waiting room intervention.
From Denver Health

Be Smart. Be Well.—Short videos with important sexual health messages.
From Be Smart. Be Well.—Health education on HIV, STDs, and other diseases and illnesses in American Sign Language for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing communities.

STDs and Specific Populations


American Indians and Alaska Natives

Men Who Have Sex With Men