Grant Amount: Approximate Total Fiscal Year Funding $7,349,997.00. With 17% of the general population infected with HIV, Botswana has one of the highest prevalence rates in the world. Historically, the country has also had a high incidence of TB. The Government of Botswana has developed some of the strongest treatment and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs in sub-Saharan Africa. As PEPFAR Botswana transitions to a technical assistance (TA) model, there is an increasing focus on the training and mentoring of health care workers to build local capacity.