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Persons with HIV/AIDS

HIV Treatment Cascade by Public Health Area, 2013

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This report provides graphs that demonstrate the continuum of HIV care among persons with HIV in Alabama in 2013. Categories include the estimated number of people with HIV, those diagnosed, those linked to care, those retained in care, and those with a suppressed viral load in both the state and in each public health zone.

Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data: United States and 6 Dependent Areas–2013

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This surveillance supplemental report complements the 2010 HIV Surveillance Report and part A of the surveillance supplemental report by presenting the results of additional focused analyses to measure progress toward achieving selected objectives of the National HIV/AIDS strategy (NHAS) and the DHAP Strategic Plan. It also illustrates how data from the National HIV Surveillance System can be used to assess progress on selected key objectives.

MMWR: Prevalence of Diagnosed and Undiagnosed HIV Infection — United States, 2008–2012

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This report summarizes the findings if data that measured the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV infection for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The results presented in this report show that although the overall percentage of persons living with HIV who have received a diagnosis of HIV infection is high, additional efforts are needed to ensure that all jurisdictions meet the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, which are to: reduce new HIV infections, improve health outcomes among persons living with HIV, and reduce HIV-related disparities.

Health Insurance Coverage for People with HIV Under the Affordable Care Act: Experiences in Five States

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This report is an Issue Brief that provides insight into what the ACA has meant for people with HIV by examining their early experiences. The report is based on ten focus groups in the five states that represent half of all people living with HIV in the U.S. Participants were asked to discuss their enrollment and coverage experiences, as well as their experiences with maintaining ongoing HIV care, obtaining HIV medications, accessing experienced HIV providers, costs, and the role of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS program.

MMWR: Missed Opportunities for Prevention of Tuberculosis Among Persons With HIV Infection--Selected Locations, United States, 1996-1997

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This report discusses a study that examined the clinic records of TB programs to determine whether the programs used recommended practices to manage the treatment of HIV-positive persons who were exposed to TB. The study showed that few close contacts were assessed for HIV and that one quarater of those known to be HIV-infected were not screened completely for TB. Of eligible HIV-positive contacts, a third started and a sixth completed latent TB infection (LTBI) treatment. The report makes suggestions for improving screening of persons exposed to active TB.

HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: International Guidelines

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This report contains guidelines adopted at the second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, held in Geneva from 23 to 25 September 1996, to assist states in creating a positive, rights-based response to HIV/AIDS that is effective in reducing the transmission and impact of HIV/AIDS and consistent with human rights and fundamental freedoms. The purpose of the guidelines is to assist States in translating international human rights norms into practical observance in the context of HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS in Urban and Nonurban Areas of the United States; HIV/AIDS Surveillance Supplemental Report

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This report focuses on the geographic distribution of HIV/AIDS in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas of the United States. Over 85% of cumulative adult/adolescent AIDS cases have been reported from large metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and approximately 6% from nonmetropolitan areas. In 1999, 82% were reported from large MSAs, and 7% from nonmetropolitan areas. In contrast, 62% of the general adult population of the United States lives in large metropolitan areas, 17% in medium size metropolitan areas, and 20% of the population lives in nonmetropolitan areas.

What Does a Negative TB Skin Test Mean?

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This information sheet, for the general public, provides information on the meaning of negative TB skin test results. Persons with HIV may be at a risk for potential false negatives.

Ethical Issues and the Use of CAM

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This information sheet is the second in a series of sheets on complementary/alternative (CAM) health care and HIV/AIDS. This sheet explains the four ethical principles in regulating CAM: non-maleficence, beneficence, respect for personal autonomy, and justice, and discusses the implications of each principle for research, education and training, and regulation.

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