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HIV/AIDS Prevention

Many Men, Many Voices: A Group-Level Intervention for Gay Men of Color

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This information sheet describes Many Men, Many Voices (3MV), a 7-session group level intervention program to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among black men who have sex with men. It addresses factors that influence the behavior of black MSM: cultural, religious, and social norms; interactions between HIV and other STDs; sexual relationship dynamics; and social influences of racism and homophobia on HIV risk behaviors. The sheet includes contact information for the program and for training.

Self-Help in Eliminating LIfe-Threatening Diseases (SHIELD): Training Peer Educators to Conduct HIV Prevention

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This information sheet discusses the Self-Help in Eliminating Life-Threatening Diseases (SHIELD) program, an HIV prevention peer-education program. SHIELD is a group intervention that trains current and former drug users to be peer educators and share HIV prevention information among their social networks. The information sheet describes the program, the target population, the process, session topics, core elements, and research results. This program is included in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions (DEBI) projects.

Rural MSM and HIV Prevention

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This information sheet discusses risk factors for HIV/AIDS infection and HIV prevention among rural men who have sex with men (MSM). Rural MSM and particularly minority MSM are considered high risk for HIV/AIDS because the conservative environment may make them feel isolated with little opportunity to socialize. This leads to seeking partners in public sex environments, through the Internet, travel to higher seroprevalence areas, and the use of drugs such as methamphetamine.

Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention Among Gay Men/Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM)

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This information sheet discusses structural interventions for preventing HIV among gay men and men who have sex with men (MSM). It defines structural interventions, explains why they are needed for gay men/MSM and provides examples of structural interventions such as policies regarding antidiscrimination and equal rights and interventions that focus on venues which facilitate gay men/MSM meeting new sexual partners.

Men Who Have Sex With Men: Answers About HIV Vaccine Research

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This information sheet discusses how HIV/AIDS affects men who have sex with men (MSM), provides statistics on MSM infected with HIV and dying from AIDS, and the increase in sexual risk taking among MSM. It defines vaccine, and explains why a preventive HIV vaccine is needed, what is happening in preventive HIV vaccine research, the safety of the vaccines being tested in people, whether the research is being done right, who is doing the research, and where individuals can get more information on preventive HIV vaccine research.

Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual & Reproductive Health and HIV Linkages: A Generic Guide

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This monograph is a guide for assessing linkages that can be used as needed in regional or national contexts. It covers a broad range of linkages issues such as policy, systems, and services. It is meant to assess HIV and sexual and reproductive health bi-directional linkages at the policy, system, and service-delivery levels. It is intended to identify gaps and thus contribute to the development of country-specific action plans to create and strengthen these linkages.

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): A Potential New Method for HIV Prevention

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This pamphlet discusses pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a medical term for giving medicines that fight HIV to people who are not infected before they are in contact with the virus, to try and prevent infection. The pamphlet explains that this approach is being studied in clinical trials with injection drug users in Asia; men who have sex with men in the United States, Africa, Asia, and Latin America; and heterosexual men and women in Africa. Results of the trials will be available in late 2009 and 2010.

Towards Universal Access: Scaling Up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector: Progress Report 2009

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This report provides a global update on the progress in scaling up priority health sector interventions for HIV prevention, treatment, and care in 2008 toward a goal of universal access. Of 192 United Nations member states, 158 reported data to WHO, UNICEF, and UNAIDS, including 139 low-and middle-income and 19 high-income countries, with higher reporting rates for many indicators, compared with 2007. This allowed for more comprehensive global analysis of the health sector’s achievements toward universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care.

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