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HIV/AIDS Prevention

Conversions de Dettes Pour la Lutte Contre le VIH/SIDA:Resume d'Information de l'ONUSIDA sur les Politiques

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This policy paper discusses "debt swaps" as a way of funding the expansion of HIV/AIDS programs for countries that have problems paying or are unable to pay their external debt. The paper presents definitions and categories of swaps such as debt-for-equity swaps, debt buy-backs, debt-for-nature swaps, and debt-for- development swaps. It also discusses advantages and disadvantages of debt swaps, and provides information on the use of debt swaps by low-income countries severely affected by HIV/AIDS in order to scale up their HIV/AIDS programs.

Directives Concernant les Interventions Relatives au VIH/SIDA Dans les Situations d'Urgence

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This information kit presents guidelines for incorporating HIV response in emergency situations. An emergency is defined as a situation that threatens the lives and well being of a large number of a population, including natural causes such as hurricanes, droughts, earthquakes, and floods, or armed conflict. The monograph explains the reasons for including HIV interventions in that the conditions that exist in an emergency such as conflict, social instability, poverty, and powerlessness are also conditions that help spread HIV/AIDS and other STDs.

DREAM: An Integrated Faith-Based Initiative to Treat HIV/AIDS in Mozambique: Case Study

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This report describes the Drug Resources Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition (DREAM) project in Mozambique. DREAM was created by the religious community of Sant’ Egidio in Rome. The main objective was to provide diagnosis and comprehensive treatment, prevention of perinatal transmission and of HIV transmission in the population through community care and home care services and mother and child prevention and care. The project uses a holistic approach by treating HIV with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) as well as treating malnutrition, TB, malaria, and STDs.

HIV Prevention in theThird Decade: Activities of CDC's Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention

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This report focuses on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the US and the work of the CDC’s division of HIV/AIDS prevention. It provides a brief history of the accomplishments since 1981, discusses the current status of the epidemic in the US and how CDC is responding, using surveillance data reported to CDC from the 25 states with long-standing HIV reporting. It looks back on the successes of HIV/AIDS prevention and presents future plans.

AIDS Vaccine Handbook: Global Perspectives

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This monograph reports on key scientific, policy, social, ethical, and economic challenges and the ongoing research for a vaccine that would prevent HIV transmission.

Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: Health Care Access and HIV/AIDS in This Population

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This report on migrant and seasonal farm workers (MSFWs) uses data from focus groups, a survey, and interviews of MSFWs and service providers conducted in New York state plus the references to describe the risk and inadequate access to testing and care that MSFWs face. It emphasizes issues relating to HIV/AIDS, barriers to accessing health care and related services, and common elements of successful MSFW programs. The data indicate that HIV/AIDS is escalating among MSFWs, and that immediate steps need to be taken to prevent devastating impact among the population and their families.

MMWR: Recommendations for Postexposure Interventions to Prevent Infection with Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and Tetanus in Persons Wounded During Bombings and Similar Mass-Casualty Events – United States, 200

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This report presents recommendations for postexposure interventions to prevent hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or HIV infections and tetanus in persons wounded in bombings or events causing mass casualties. During such events, wounded persons may be exposed to blood, body fluids, or tissue from other injured persons, putting them at risk for bloodborne infections.

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