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HIV/AIDS Prevention

Syringe Disposal

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This information sheet discusses the problem of safe disposal of used syringes by diabetics as well as injecting drug users (IDUs) to prevent needlestick injuries and transmission of blood-borne diseases like HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis. The information sheet explains the public concern with syringe disposal, presents safe disposal methods that have been used in some communities, and notes that barriers to syringe disposal programs include laws that establish criminal penalties for distribution and possession of drug paraphernalia.

Teen Risk-Taking: Promising Prevention Programs and Approaches

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This monograph is a guide to effective problem behavior prevention programs for at-risk youth. The monograph discusses the level and characteristics of adolescent risk-taking today, common elements of successful prevention programs along with an explanation of criteria used to evaluate programs, the challenges facing practitioners trying to replicate promising programs and suggestions for meeting those challenges, and a prevention readiness questionnaire. The monograph presents profiles of 51 prevention programs whose behavioral evaluations demonstrate their effectiveness.

Leading the Way: USAID Responds to HIV/AIDS

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This monograph discusses the work of the US Agency for International Development (USAID) toward preventing and lessening the impact of HIV/AIDS in the developing world. The monograph begins by presenting data on AIDS and its impact in the developing world. This is followed by the USAID response from the beginning of the epidemic to the present.

Together We Can : Leadership in a World of AIDS

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This monograph makes recommendations regarding HIV/AIDS-related policy development worldwide. It emphasizes the importance of good leadership at every level to overcome this epidemic. The monograph reviews the global epidemiology and overall impact of HIV/AIDS. It makes recommendations about how to improve HIV/AIDS care and prevention programs through healthcare and political policies and emphasizes the need to protect human rights and solve, nationally and internationally, the many disparities that fuel this epidemic.

Working With Men for HIV Prevention and Care

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This monograph provides guidelines for working with men for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS. It describes projects that offer various contexts for working with men. Twelve projects were selected because they demonstrated the importance of working with men and represented a diverse range of interventions with men. The projects address the issue of incorporating gender identification among men within programs, encouraging men to engage in healthy dialogues with men about relationships, working in challenging environments, and working with men at high risk for HIV/AIDS.

Children and Young People in a World of AIDS

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This pamphlet examines HIV among children and adolescents internationally. The pamphlet discusses the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among young persons, the factors and behaviors that place young persons at risk for HIV, statistics on children who have been orphaned as a result of the epidemic, and intervention strategies to prevent HIV transmission to children and adolescents, including mother-to-child transmission.

Los Ninos y los Jovenes en un Mundo con SIDA

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This pamphlet examines HIV among children and adolescents internationally. The pamphlet discusses the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among young persons, the factors and behaviors that place them at risk for HIV, and intervention strategies to prevent the spread of HIV to children and adolescents, as well as maternal transmission to infants.

Abstinence Education and HIV/AIDS

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This fact sheet provides organizations, government agencies, and educators with information about abstinence education and HIV/AIDS. The fact sheet reviews the content of abstinence-only sex education programs as well as the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS among adolescents in the United States. It compares abstinence-only educational programs to comprehensive sexuality/abstinence-plus sex education. It examines the concerns held by some parents and educators about comprehensive sex education and cites studies showing that most parents favor abstinence-plus education.

Paediatric HIV Infection and AIDS

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This report examines how children become infected with HIV, how infection can be prevented in children, and ways of reducing the impact of HIV. The report discusses statistics and data concerning pediatric HIV/AIDS, transmission; prevention, including health education and prevention of HIV in women of childbearing age and of unintended pregnancies in HIV-positive women and women at risk; and treatment.

The AIDS Epidemic at 20 Years: The View From America: A National Survey of Americans on HIV/AIDS

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This report reviews the results of a national survey on Americans' views and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. It provides statistics by race and ethnicity that illustrate Americans' perception of the epidemic in the United States and globally; Americans' knowledge (e.g., regarding HIV transmission, prevention, and treatment) and information needs; and Americans' views on key stakeholders and policy issues including perceptions of the effects of race, income, and gender on access to HIV care.

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