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HIV/AIDS Prevention

Mayores y Mas Sabios: Los Muchos Rostros del VIH

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This booklet is a companion of a video DVD of the same name and is meant to make the general public aware of the HIV prevention and treatment needs faced by older adults, as well as dispel myths about older persons and sexual behavior. The booklet presents eight character profiles and should be used to: present factual information and talking points; serve as a guide to encourage long-term commitment to behavior change; encourage facilitator participation; cultivate critical thought and leadership skills.

STI Screening as HIV Prevention

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In this video, Dr. Gail Bolan, Director of CDC's Division of STD Prevention, highlights the role of screening for sexually transmitted infections to help prevent HIV transmission.

Tuberculosis and AIDS

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This report, for health professionals, government agencies, and organizations, presents information about HIV/AIDS and TB. It provides epidemiological statistics concerning the relationship between HIV/AIDS and TB, including incidence, morbidity rates, and mortality rates. It discusses TB and HIV transmission, how HIV can facilitate the development of active TB, and recommendations for the prevention of TB among HIV-positive persons.

Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Health Care Settings

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This report provides guidelines regarding the prevention of needlestick injuries in health care settings. Bloodborne pathogens that may be transmitted during needlestick injuries include HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. The report identifies activities associated with needlestick injuries and describes Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines for the prevention of such injuries in the workplace.

The Essential Handbook: Radio and HIV/AIDS : Making a Difference

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This guide, for radio practitioners, health workers, and donors, discusses the use of radio to promote the prevention of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. The guide discusses the following issues in using radio as a health communications tool: conducting initial research and needs assessment; selecting appropriate materials; pre-testing programs; scheduling programs; developing an HIV/AIDS campaign; building partnerships with media and other organizations; monitoring and evaluating radio programs; and working towards sustainable and effective HIV/AIDS radio broadcasting.

Radio et Lutte Contre le SIDA: Le Moyen de Faire Une Difference

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This guide, for radio practitioners, health workers, and donors, discusses the use of radio to promote the prevention of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. The guide discusses the following issues in using radio as a health communications tool: conducting initial research and needs assessment; selecting appropriate materials; pre-testing programs; scheduling programs; developing an HIV/AIDS campaign; building partnerships with media and other organizations; monitoring and evaluating radio programs; and working towards sustainable and effective HIV/AIDS radio broadcasting.

Access to Sterile Syringes

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This information sheet discusses the necessity for injecting drug users (IDUs), who cannot or will not stop injecting drugs, to have access to sterile syringes in order to prevent the spread of HIV. The sheet explains that (1) the method used to prepare and inject drugs offers many opportunities for the spread of HIV and hepatitis viruses, (2) IDUs do not generally have access to sterile syrnges because most states have laws that restrict the sale and distribution of sterile syringes, and (3) safe disposal of used syringes is also a concern.

Policy Efforts to Increase IDUs' Access to Sterile Syringes

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This information sheet explains that in order to reduce the transmission of HIV and other blood-borne infections, injecting drug users (IDUs), who cannot or will not stop injecting drugs, must have access to sterile syringes and injection equipment. However, many laws and regulations prohibit IDUs from purchasing these items. Some states have changed these laws and regulations and have seen positive results.

Pharmacy Sales of Sterile Syringes

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This information sheet discusses the role of pharmacies in efforts to help injecting drug users (IDUs) gain access to sterile syringes and equipment in order to reduce their risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and other blood-borne diseases.The information sheet lists advantages of pharmacy sales, the barriers to pharmacy sales, the changes that some states have made to legalize pharmacy sales, and suggestions for encouraging more pharmacy sales of syringes to IDUs who will not or cannot stop injecting drugs.

Syringe Exchange Programs

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This information sheet supports the use of syringe exchange programs (SEPs) for injecting drug users, who will not or cannot stop injecting drugs, as one method of lowering the risk of IDUs acquiring or transmitting HIV. SEPs allow IDUs to safely dispose of used syringes and obtain sterile ones at no cost and offer prevention and health care education and services. The information sheet discusses the public health impact of SEPs and considers the challenges for SEPs and ways of supporting access to sterile syringes through SEPs.

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