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Persons with HIV/TB

A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation for Collaborative TB/HIV Activities

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This monograph is a guide to monitoring and evaluating the collaborative TB/HIV activities. It presents a rationale for collaborative activities, an overview of monitoring indicators, methods of collecting standardized data, and help in interpreting and disseminating the data. It argues for consistency in the way collaborative activities are performed and data collected. The guide presents a core set of internationally accepted and standardized indicators for measuring and evaluating performance.

NIH-PEPFAR Collaboration on Implementation Science for HIV: Towards an AIDS-free Generation (R01)

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The NIH, in collaboration with the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) is soliciting applications for implementation science research that will inform delivery and scale-up of efficacious interventions to improve HIV prevention, care, and treatment in Africa.The intent of this FOA is to solicit implementation science research projects that will have a high impact on controlling the HIV epidemic and provide evidence for best programmatic practices in PEPFAR programs. 

Tuberculosis and AIDS

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This report, for health professionals, government agencies, and organizations, presents information about HIV/AIDS and TB. It provides epidemiological statistics concerning the relationship between HIV/AIDS and TB, including incidence, morbidity rates, and mortality rates. It discusses TB and HIV transmission, how HIV can facilitate the development of active TB, and recommendations for the prevention of TB among HIV-positive persons.

MMWR: Updated Guidelines for the Use of Rifabutin or Rifampin for the Treatment and Prevention of Tuberculosis Among HIV-Infected Patients Taking Protease Inhibitors or Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors

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This report presents updated data pertaining to drug-drug-interactions between protease inhibitors and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) for treatment of HIV and rifamycins for the treatment of TB. The notice also presents recommendations for the use of these drugs. New data indicate that rifampin can be used for the treatment of active TB in three situations.

MMWR: Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis Outbreak in a State Correctional Facility Housing HIV-Infected Inmates--South Carolina, 1999-2000

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This report describes an investigation of an outbreak of drug-susceptible TB in a South Carolina correctional facility housing inmates infected with HIV. The source inmate was not receiving antiretroviral treatment and two attempts to treat his latent TB infection were discontinued because of side effects. However, he was not placed in respiratory isolation. When a former dormitory inmate who had been released tested positive for pulmonary TB, a contact investigation of inmates from that dormitory was begun. Of 323 men, 31 were diagnosed with TB.

TB/HIV: Strategic Framework to Decrease the Burden of TB/HIV

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This monograph provides the technical basis to inform and guide the development of national implementation strategies for joint TB and HIV program activities in delivering the available interventions. The monograph describes the background to the global problem of HIV-related TB, and includes a brief review of global HIV epidemiology, the causes of the main burden of HIV-related disease, the epidemiology of HIV-related TB, and the place of TB in the course of progression of HIV infection.

HIV Voluntary Counselling and Testing: A Gateway to Prevention

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This monograph presents five case studies of programs in South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe that used voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to control the spread of HIV. The monograph describes how the programs used VCT to help prevent perinatal HIV transmission, TB, and HIV transmission among adolescents and general populations. It also discusses general VCT approaches and issues related to program development, administration, and evaluation.

Antiretroviral Drug Use With Rifampin and Rifabutin

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This information card contains treatment options for persons infected with HIV and TB. It lists the generic names and brand names of protease inhibitors and nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors used for treating HIV and whether a person taking these can take rifampin or rifabutin as well as the regimens that should be used.

Interim Policy on Collaborative TB/HIV Activities

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This report promotes collaboration between TB and HIV programs in providing a continuum of quality care for people coinfected with TB and HIV/AIDS. It recommends that these activities should be implemented as part of the health sector response to the intersecting TB and HIV epidemics. The report discusses the policy formulation process, the goal and objectives of collaborative TB/HIV activities, and the recommended collaborative TB/HIV activities.

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