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Persons with HIV/AIDS

Nutrition and HIV/AIDS: Evidence, Gaps, and Priority Actions

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This brief discusses the effect of nutrition on the immune system of people with HIV. The pamphlet explains how HIV infection increases energy requirements; how deficiencies in vitamins and minerals may contribute to disease progression; and how antiretroviral therapy may improve nutrition, but may also affect metabolism. It discusses the effect of HIV on children’s nutrition and how feeding practices affect infants. Also discussed are interactions between livelihoods, food security, and HIV/AIDS, such as food insecurity leading to high-risk behaviors that could increase exposure to HIV/AIDS.

Taking Action At The Workplace

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This pamphlet discusses the International Labour Organization's (ILO's) response to HIV and the workplace. It discusses the role of the ILO, which is the UN agency with responsibility for the world of work, and describes the ILO’s Progamme on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work, including its objectives, activities, and social partners.

Elargissement de l'acces au traitement antiretroviral dans le monde: Le point sur l'initiative 3 millions d'ici 2005

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This report describes the progress toward “3 by 5,” the target that 3 million persons with in developing and transitional countries would be receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) by 2005. The report discusses global efforts to increase access to ART and the reasons for the successes and failures. It highlights the progress and challenges in some countries and obstacles to scaling up ART and HIV prevention.

Progress on Global Access to HIV Antiretroviral Therapy: An Update on 3 by 5

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This report describes the progress toward “3 by 5,” the target that 3 million people with HIV in developing and transitional countries would be receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) by 2005. The report discusses global efforts to increase access to ART and the reasons for the successes and failures. It highlights the progress and challenges in some countries and obstacles to scaling up ART and HIV prevention.

Interim WHO Clinical Staging of HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS Case Definitions for Surveillance: African Region

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This report presents an interim World Health Organization (WHO) clinical staging system and case definitions for HIV/AIDS. This staging system is a revision of the WHO 1994 clinical staging system and AIDS case definitions. The revisions are designed to strengthen clinical staging and case definitions for adults and children; simplify and standardize definitions for use by health providers; and improve patient management, monitoring, and surveillance.

A Report of a Theological Workshop Focusing on HIV- and AIDS-related Stigma

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This report discusses an international workshop on HIV for academic theologians from different Christian traditions. Persons with HIV, clergy, and lay people working in the global and community level with HIV/AIDS also attended. The purpose of the workshop was to examine aspects of Christian theology that seems to endorse or foster stigmatizing attitudes toward persis with HIV and to explore Christian theology that might enable churches to develop more positive and loving attitudes. The workshop identified seven major theological themes that needed to be addressed.

CDC HIV/AIDS Science Facts: Using the BED HIV-1 Capture EIA Assay to Estimate Incidence Using STARHS in the Context of Surveillance in the United States

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This information sheet outlines concerns about the assay and how the circumstances in the United States for using the assay with the serologic testing algorithm for recent HIV seroconversion (STARHS) to estimate incidence of HIV in the US population address these concerns. The document concludes that BED HIV-1 Capture EIA was developed for and is solely used in the United States in the context of HIV incidence surveillance.

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Diagnoses of HIV/AIDS---33 States, 2001-2005: Update

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This report presents statistics on HIV/AIDS diagnoses during 2001-2005 among black adults and adolescents and other racial/ethnic populations reported to CDC through June 2006 by the 33 states that had used confidential, name-based reporting since 2001. The cases were classified according to the method of transmission. The estimated number of HIV/AIDS diagnoses for each racial/ethnic population by transmission category and selected characteristic was calculated.

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