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Blood Tests

A Guide to HIV/HCV Coinfection

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This guide is designed to help patients understand and manage HIV/HCV coinfection. The guide states that infection of HCV is the most common coinfection in people with HIV, is categorized as an HIV-related opportunistic illness, and is now the leading cause of death in people with HIV. It also advices persons with HIV/HCV to consult a medical practitioner for diagnosis and treatment of HIV/HCV.

Easy C: A Guide to HIV and Hep C Coinfection

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This guide is designed as a general guide to understanding and manage being infected with both hepatitis and HIV. Topics include testing, liver basics, transmission, symptoms, herbs, treatments, and staying healthy. The guide recommends that everyone with HIV get tested for hepatitis C.

Easy C: A Guide to Hepatitis C

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This pamphlet is a general guide to hepatitis C, a virus that lives in blood and usually affects and damages the liver. Topics include testing, liver basics, transmission, symptoms, herbs, treatments, and staying healthy.

Understanding Your Lab Results

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This pamphlet provides information on laboratory tests commonly recommended by doctors and used to monitor the health of people living with HIV. The pamphlet discusses blood, urine, and stool tests, and pap smears. Blood tests are divided into hematology tests; blood chemistry tests, including liver function, kidney, and pancreatic tests, electrolytes, and nutritional values; microbiology tests; serology tests; and HIV specific tests that monitor viral load and check drug resistance. In addition to blood tests, doctors also use urine and stool tests and pap smears.

MMWR: Recommendations for Identification and Public Health Management of Persons with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection

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This serial updates and expands previous CDC guidelines for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) testing, and includes new recommendations for public health evaluation and management for chronically infected persons and their contacts. Routine testing for HBsAg now is recommended in additional populations with HBsAg prevalence of greater than or equal to 2%: persons born in geographic regions with HBsAg prevalence of greater than or equal to 2%, men who have sex with men, and injection-drug users.

Interferon-Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) - Blood Tests for TB Infection

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This information sheet discusses interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs), which are whole-blood tests used in diagnosing both latent TB infection and TB disease. It notes that two IGRAs have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are commercially available in the United States. The information sheet explains how the IGRAs work; the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of IGRAs; steps in administering these tests; interpretation; recommendations on when to use them; and whether IGRAs can be given to persons receiving vaccinations.

Chemistry Panel

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This information sheet provides an overview of the chemistry panel. These tests measure various chemicals in the blood to determine whether the body is working correctly. Blood chemistry tests assess calcium, phosphorus, and glucose levels as well as the electrolytes sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate.

Blood Sugar and Fats

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This information sheet discusses the impact of HIV on blood sugar (glucose) and fats. Anti-HIV drugs seem to cause abnormally high levels of blood sugar and fats, so people with HIV test their blood sugar and blood fat levels frequently. Ways to test for blood glucose levels are a random blood glucose test, a fasting glucose test, and a glucose tolerance test. Blood fats that can be measured are triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
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