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Perspectives and Practice in Antiretroviral Treatment: Approaches to the Management of HIV/AIDS in Cuba: Case Study

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This report is a case study of Cuba’s response to HIV. The report presents the background information on Cuba’s initial response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the establishment of AIDS sanatoria from 1986-1993 for taking care of HIV positive persons, the institution of an ambulatory care system for HIV treatment of people who want to remain at home, and introduction of antiretroviral (ART) treatment in 1996. Cuba began producing its own antiretrovirals in 2001, and 100% ART treatment was achieved in 2003. The report lists the drugs and regimens used in Cuba and the criteria to initiate ART.

DREAM: An Integrated Faith-Based Initiative to Treat HIV/AIDS in Mozambique: Case Study

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This report describes the Drug Resources Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition (DREAM) project in Mozambique. DREAM was created by the religious community of Sant’ Egidio in Rome. The main objective was to provide diagnosis and comprehensive treatment, prevention of perinatal transmission and of HIV transmission in the population through community care and home care services and mother and child prevention and care. The project uses a holistic approach by treating HIV with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) as well as treating malnutrition, TB, malaria, and STDs.

Elargissement de l'acces au traitement antiretroviral dans le monde: Le point sur l'initiative 3 millions d'ici 2005

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This report describes the progress toward “3 by 5,” the target that 3 million persons with in developing and transitional countries would be receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) by 2005. The report discusses global efforts to increase access to ART and the reasons for the successes and failures. It highlights the progress and challenges in some countries and obstacles to scaling up ART and HIV prevention.

Normes de Quality des Soins de l'Infection a VIH: Outils d'Evaluation et d'Amelioration de la Qualite et d'Accrediation des Services de Sante

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This report presents guidelines for assessing quality, improvement, and accreditation in caring for persons with HIV. The report explains the rationale behind establishing guidelines, their uses, the purpose of accreditation, and the key principles of the accreditation framework. It lists the major categories of standards for HIV care, describes how the model standards were selected, and explains how to begin using the standards in an HIV care site or organization. The minimum set of standards to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) and proposed standards are provided.

MMWR: Recommendations for Postexposure Interventions to Prevent Infection with Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and Tetanus in Persons Wounded During Bombings and Similar Mass-Casualty Events – United States, 200

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This report presents recommendations for postexposure interventions to prevent hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or HIV infections and tetanus in persons wounded in bombings or events causing mass casualties. During such events, wounded persons may be exposed to blood, body fluids, or tissue from other injured persons, putting them at risk for bloodborne infections.

Use of Antiretrovirals to Prevent Transmission of HIV Through Breast Milk

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This pamphlet promotes the use of antiretrovirals to decrease the risk of HIV transmission from breast milk, while keeping the benefits of breastfeeding. It discusses the use of maternal ART for all women, rather than only immunosuppressed women, continuing during six months of breast feeding, and infant ARV prophylaxis using NVP, other methods including flash-heat methods, and breast-feeding duration.

Memento Therapeutique du VIH/SIDA en Afrique

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This report is a manual on antiretroviral treatment and care of HIV infected patients in African settings. This second version of the manual was written by a team of doctors and researchers in France. It provides concise updated information on types of antiretroviral drugs, post-exposure prophylaxis, treatment recommendations, infant formulations, generics, and treatment of opportunistic infections.

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