This information sheet discusses testing for HIV and counseling as the means of providing treatment and care for those in need. It advises that testing and counseling be scaled up, be accessible in settings where at risk persons may be found, and be offered when a patient shows symptoms of HIV/AIDS. Also, patients should be given prevention information along with testing and counseling. The information sheet includes the World Health Organization’s (WHO) milestone for increased testing and counseling for 2004 and by the end of 2005, provides the WHO’s guiding principles for expanded testing and counseling, reinforcing voluntary testing, confidentiality, and post-test support. It emphasizes the importance of simple rapid tests, adequate human resources, and infrastructure needs. A checklist for governments on requirements for quality testing and counseling is included.