Improving Smoking Cessation Interventions among People Living with HIV (R21 Clinical Trial Optional)
The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to provide support for research designed to optimize smoking cessation treatment among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the United States (U.S.). Responsive applications must propose research that will be conducted with PLWH and will inform efforts to reduce the incidence of tobacco-related disease and death among PLWH. Research may address the behavioral and sociocultural factors and conditions that are associated with cigarette smoking among PLWH, and may also address smoking-related health disparities among PLWH, considering the heterogeneity across the various subgroups of PLWH. This FOA aims to support research to systematically test existing evidence-based smoking cessation interventions (e.g., combination of behavioral and pharmacological) and/or to develop and test adaptations of evidence-based smoking cessation interventions among PLWH. The principal focus of this initiative is on cigarette smoking cessation; however studies that address dual/poly tobacco product use as part of a cigarette smoking cessation intervention are acceptable. Proposed projects must include prospective, comparative evaluation(s) of the intervention(s) in terms of the rates of cigarette smoking cessation, including sustained abstinence, among current cigarette smokers.