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In 2016, youth aged 13 to 24 accounted for 2% of all new HIV diagnoses in the United States. Most of those new diagnoses among youth (81%) occurred among gay and bisexual males. Young black/African American and Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual males are especially affected; however, we are seeing progress. Estimated annual HIV infections fell 24% among youth from 2010 to 2015.
Although Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) account for a very small percentage of new HIV diagnoses, HIV affects NHOPI in ways that are not always apparent because of their small population sizes.
Between 2010 and 2014, the Asian population in the United States grew around 11%, more than three times as fast as the total U.S. population. During the same period, the number of Asians receiving an HIV diagnosis increased by 36%, driven primarily by an increase in HIV diagnoses among Asian gay and bisexual men. Asians, who make up 6% of the population, continue to account for only a small percentage of new HIV diagnoses in the United States and 6 dependent areas.
Sharing needles or works puts people who inject drugs at high risk for getting HIV. Also, when you’re high on drugs, you’re more likely to take risks with sex, which can increase your risk for getting HIV.
People with HIV and latent TB infection need treatment for HIV and for latent TB infection as soon as possible to prevent them from developing TB disease. Unfortunately, some people with HIV do not know they are infected with TB. Similarly, some people with TB disease are unaware of their HIV status, although HIV status reporting for people with TB is improving. CDC recommends that anyone who has TB disease, is suspected of having TB disease, or is a contact of a TB patient be tested for HIV.
The objectives of this presentation are to discuss the statistics of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the African American community; the historic context of the African American relationship with the health care and scientific community; the socioeconomic and political issues that plague the African American community; how stereotypes in the media affect the general mental, physical, and emotional health of those in the African American community; and discuss the possible solutions and strategies to help improve the state of African American health and reduce transmission of HIV.