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LGBT Populations

AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2002

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This report presents the latest developments in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. With maps and regional summaries, this report provides the most recent estimates of the epidemic’s scope and human toll, explores new trends in the epidemic’s evolution, and features a special section examining the links between HIV/AIDS and humanitarian crises. The estimates are based on the most recent available data on the spread of HIV in countries around the world.

HIV/AIDS-Related Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Framework and an Agenda for Action

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This report provides information and guidelines about reducing the stigma and discrimination directed towards persons with HIV. The report discusses sources of stigma and discrimination towards HIV-positive persons, how this stigma and discrimination are manifested, why it is important to remove them from society, and what should be done to help to prevent stigma and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS Awareness and Behaviour

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This report discusses worldwide awareness of HIV/AIDS and the practice of safer and high-risk behaviors. The report examines the high-risk and safer activities of individuals worldwide and the sociocultural and attitudinal factors that affect individual efforts at HIV prevention. It cites data that show global perceptions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the factors that affect the formulation of these perceptions and attitudes.

Initiating Second Generation HIV Surveillance Systems: Practical Guidelines

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This report presents guidelines to assist national AIDS programs and ministries of health in implementing second generation surveillance systems to monitor HIV. The monograph discusses the role of second generation surveillance in a National Strategic plan and the assessment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and current behavioral surveillance systems in order to find the gaps and design a new system to fill those gaps.

Sensibilisation au VIH/SIDA et Comportements

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This report discusses worldwide awareness of HIV and the practice of safer and high-risk behaviors. The report examines the high-risk and safer activities of individuals worldwide and the sociocultural and attitudinal factors that affect individual efforts at HIV prevention. It cites data that illuminates global perceptions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the factors that affect the formulation of these perceptions and attitudes.

Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis

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This report discusses the epidemiology of HIV among adolescents, factors that place them at risk for HIV transmission, why young people are key to defeating the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, and intervention strategies for promoting HIV prevention among individuals of this age group.

Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education : What Are the Arguments? : What Is the Evidence?

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This report discusses the sex education debate and the pros and cons of comprehensive sex education programs versus abstinence-only education programs. Over the last few years, Congress has financially supported abstinence-only program. This report discusses the limitations and possible consequences of abstinence-only education. It discusses the role of federal and state policy in sex education, the results of behavior research, arguments for abstinence-only sex education, and arguments for comprehensive sex education.

HIV/AIDS Counselling, Just a Phone Call Away: Four Case Studies of Telephone Hotline/Helpline Projects

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This monograph presents case studies of four HIV/AIDS hotlines: the South African AIDS Helpline; The National AIDS Hotline of Trinidad and Tobago; the Remedios AIDS Foundation Hotline based in Manila, The Philippines; and the nongovernmental organization (NGO) called Talking About Reproductive and Sexual Health Issues (TARSHI) of New Delhi, India. These helplines were chosen on the basis of how well they fit the UNAIDS Best Practices criteria for telephone helplines, how well documented the program had been, the amount of data gathered and how the data were used.

Ignorance Only: HIV/AIDS, Human Rights and Federally Funded Abstinence-Only Programs in the United States: Texas: A Case Study

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This monograph examines the effectiveness and legality of federally funded abstinence-only education programs in Texas. The monograph outlines the core messages of the abstinence-only education program, the ways in which this type of federally funded program violates human rights and constitutional law, the effectiveness of abstinence-only education, and ways for various authorities to offer access to comprehensive sexuality education.

Education and HIV/AIDS : A Window of Hope

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This monograph discusses the importance of education for children and youth as the best method of HIV. The monograph explains the links between education and HIV, and the negative impact of the AIDS epidemic on education, development, and poverty in many of the developing countries. The monograph presents an overview of efforts countries have been taking to educate students; proposes a strategy for action, which includes pursuit of the Education for All (EFA) goals; and outlines the role of the World Bank in assisting with an education-centered fight against AIDS.

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