This fact sheet summarizes the link between HIV and substance abuse in the U.S. The report then summarizes the most commonly used substances and HIV risk, as well prevention challenges and how CDC is enhancing its prevention methods.
This Vital Signs highlights the importance of expanding access to SSPs, which provide sterile needles and syringes and ideally offer many other comprehensive services to help improve the health of PWID and their communities, such as treatment for substance use disorder, HIV, and hepatitis testing and linkage to treatment, and safe disposal of used syringes.
The Call to Action proposes a set of recommendations to prevent new infections; reduce deaths and adverse health outcomes; address disparities; coordinate action among federal, state, and local agencies and health systems; and ultimately reduce health care costs.
Sharing needles or works puts people who inject drugs at high risk for getting HIV. Also, when you’re high on drugs, you’re more likely to take risks with sex, which can increase your risk for getting HIV.
Fact sheet providing information on Women who are pregnant, children and infants. Women who are pregnant or planning a pregnancy should get tested for HIV as early as possible. If treated early in her pregnancy, a woman’s risk of transmitting HIV to her baby can be reduced to 1% or less. For children living with HIV, starting treatment early can help them live longer, healthier lives.